Barcelona City - Local Travel information and City Guide » City Info » Geography

Being one of the most populous cities of Spain, Barcelona lies to the northeast of the Mediterranean coast. Because of this closeness to the Mediterranean, the beaches in the city are the best place to rest & relax. Nova Icària, Bogatell, Mar Bella and Nova Mar Bella are some of the frequently visited tourist beaches.

The city’s port is one of the busiest on the Mediterranean Sea that caters to its economy.

Also, publishing and fishing are other major areas that add importance in raising the trade of the city.

The origin of Barcelona revolves around two theories. One theory credits the origin of the city to Hercules. i.e. before the formation of Rome, while the second theory relates it to be rebuilt by Hamilcar Barca who named the city Barcino after his family in the 3rd century BC.

Originally, a city of culture & the capital of Catalonia, Barcelona is the seat of the Generalitat de Catalunya. It has three branches, viz: the Executive Government, the Parliament of Catalonia and the Supreme Court of Catalonia.

Situated on a plateau with a width of 5 km on the Collserola mountain range, the city of Barcelona spreads over an area of 10.096 ha.

Blessed with a great scenic beauty that environs the city with the Collserola mountain range and various small hills, namely- Carmel, Monterols, Putext, Rovira & Peira etc. the natural beauty of the city’s suburb automatically get enhanced.


Barcelona enjoys an annual average temperature of around 16°C (60.8°F). Though the summer in Barcelona can be very hot and the humidity level can rise up to almost 70%, the average temperature of the general summer months goes around 29°C (84.2°F). In the scorching months, the average temperatures rise to almost 35°C (95°F) sometimes.

The best time to visit the beautiful city of Barcelona is around the autum. A trip can be planned well during this time to enjoy mountaineering in full-swing as this is one of the wonderful phases of the seasons.

The period from March to June and during September and October, where the weather conditions are neither too hot nor too cold is "just perfect" for a tour across the city.